Union Budget

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KEY TRENDS

 
If one goes by the expenditure of major items, then according to the Union Budget 2020-21 (please click here to access):

• Expenditure on Pension was increased from Rs. 1,84,147 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.) to Rs. 2,10,682 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.). Budgetary allocation on Pension was Rs. 1,74,300 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.)

• Budgetary allocation on Pension as a proportion of total budgetary expenditure was 6.3 percent in 2019-20 (B.E.), which increased to 6.9 percent in 2020-21 (B.E.)

• Expenditure on Fertilizer Subsidy was cut down from Rs. 79,998 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.) to Rs. 71,309 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.). Budgetary allocation on Fertilizer Subsidy was Rs. 79,996 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.)

• Expenditure on Food Subsidy was raised from Rs. 1,08,688 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.) to Rs. 1,15,570 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.). Budgetary allocation on Food Subsidy was Rs. 1,84,220 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.)

• Budgetary allocation on Food Subsidy as a proportion of total budgetary expenditure was 6.6 percent in 2019-20 (B.E.), which reduced to 3.8 percent in 2020-21 (B.E.)

• Expenditure on Agriculture and Allied Activities was increased from Rs. 1,20,835 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.) to Rs. 1,54,775 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.). Budgetary allocation on Agriculture and Allied Activities was Rs. 1,51,518 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.)

• Budgetary allocation on Agriculture and Allied Activities as a proportion of total budgetary expenditure was 5.4 percent in 2019-20 (B.E.), which reduced to 5.1 percent in 2020-21 (B.E.)

• Expenditure on Rural Development was increased from Rs. 1,43,409 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.) to Rs. 1,44,817 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.). Budgetary allocation on Rural Development was Rs. 1,40,762 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.)

• Budgetary allocation on Rural Development as a proportion of total budgetary expenditure was 5.1 percent in 2019-20 (B.E.), which reduced to 4.8 percent in 2020-21 (B.E.)

• Expenditure on Health was increased from Rs. 63,830 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.) to Rs. 67,484 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.). Budgetary allocation on Health was Rs. 64,999 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.)

• Budgetary allocation on Health as a proportion of total budgetary expenditure was 2.3 percent in 2019-20 (B.E.), which reduced marginally to 2.2 percent in 2020-21 (B.E.)

• Expenditure on Education was increased from Rs. 94,854 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.) to Rs. 99,312 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.). Budgetary allocation on Education was Rs. 94,854 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.)

• Budgetary allocation on Education as a proportion of total budgetary expenditure was 3.4 percent in 2019-20 (B.E.), which reduced marginally to 3.3 percent in 2020-21 (B.E.)
 
• Expenditure on Social Welfare was increased from Rs. 48,210 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.) to Rs. 53,876 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.)
 
Please click here to access Union Budget Speech 2020-21, which was delivered by Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, on 1st February, 2020.
 
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Allocations for various schemes under the Union Budget 2020-21 (please click here to access):

(A) Core of the Core Schemes

• National Social Assistance Progamme-NSAP (that includes old age pension, widow pension, pension for disabled, National Family Benefit Scheme & Annapurna) - Rs. 9,200 crore in 2019-20 (Budget Estimate) and Rs. 9,197 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 9,200 crore in 2019-20 (Revised Estimate)

• Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme - Rs. 60,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 61,500 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 71,002 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Umbrella Scheme for Development of Schedule Castes - Rs. 5,445 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 6,242 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 5,568 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Umbrella Programme for Development of Scheduled Tribes - Rs. 3,810 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 4,191 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 4,194 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Umbrella Programme for Development of Minorities - Rs. 1,590 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 1,820 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 1,709 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Umbrella Programme for Development of  Other Vulnerable Groups - Rs. 1,818 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 2,210 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 1,846 crore in 2019-21 (R.E.)

(B) Core Schemes

• Green Revolution - Rs. 12,561 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 13,320 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 9,965 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• White Revolution - Rs. 2,240 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 1,805 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 1,799 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Blue Revolution - Rs. 560 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 570 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 455 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana - Rs. 9,682 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 11,127 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 7,896 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana - Rs. 19,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 19,500 in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 14,070 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Rs. 25,853 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 27,500 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 25,328 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• National Rural Drinking Water Mission restructured and subsumed into Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) - Rs. 10,001 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 11,500 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 10,001 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-Urban) - Rs. 2,650 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 2,300 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 1,300 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-Rural) - Rs. 9,994 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 9,994 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 8,338 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• National Health Mission (NHM) - Rs. 33,651 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 34,115 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 34,290 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• National Education Mission - Rs. 38,547 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 39,161 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 37,672 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• National Programme of Mid Day Meal in Schools - Rs. 11,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 11,000 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 9,912 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) - Rs. 27,584 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 28,557 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 24,995 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women - Rs. 1,330 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 1,163 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 961 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• National Livelihood Mission - Ajeevika - Rs. 9774 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 10,005 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 9,774 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Jobs and Skill Development - Rs. 7,260 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 5,372 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 5,749 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Environment, Forestry and Wildlife - Rs. 886 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 926 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 787 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Urban Rejuvenation Mission : AMRUT - Atal  Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation & Smart Cities Mission - Rs. 13,750 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 13,750 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 9,872 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Modernisation of Police Forces - Rs. 3,462 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 3,162 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 4,155 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary - Rs. 720 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 762 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 990 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Border Area Development Programme - Rs. 825 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 784 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 825 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission - Rs. 800 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 600 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 300 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) - Rs. 822 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 858 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 465 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• PMJAY-Ayushman Bharat - Rs. 6,556 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 6,429 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 3,314 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

Some Important Central Sector Schemes (please click here to access)

• Crop Insurance Scheme - Rs. 14,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 15,695 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 13,641 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Interest subsidy for short term credit to farmers - Rs. 18,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 21,175 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 17,863 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Market Intervention Scheme and Price Support Scheme (MIS-PSS) - Rs. 3,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 2,000 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 2,010 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Distribution of Pulses to State / Union Territories for Welfare Schemes - Rs. 800 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 800 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 370 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi/ Income Support Scheme (PM-KISAN) - Rs. 75,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 75,000 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 54,370 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• LPG connection to poor households - Rs. 2,724 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 1,118 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 3,724 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Price Stabilisation Fund - Rs. 2,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 2,000 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 1,820 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for in-situ Management of Crop Residue - Rs. 600 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 600 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 594 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana - Rs. 1,101 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 1,081 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 889 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana - Rs. 4,000 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 6,020 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 4,733 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Family Welfare Schemes - Rs. 700 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 600 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 514 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Police Infrastructure - Rs. 4,757 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 4,135 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 4,479 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) - Rs. 2,327 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 2,500 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 2,464 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojna - Rs. 4,066 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 4,500 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 4,066 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS) - Rs. 700 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 762 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 494 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Schemes for Safety of Women - Rs. 50 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 855 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 50 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Skill Development and Livelihoods - Rs. 557 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 602 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 582 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan(KUSUM) - Rs. 700 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.)

• Eklavya Model Residential School (EMRS) - Rs. 1,313 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 16 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)

• Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana - Rs. 500 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.) and Rs. 500 crore in 2020-21 (B.E.); Rs. 500 crore in 2019-20 (R.E.)
 
 

Rural Expert


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