Farmers' suicides

Farmers' suicides

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According to Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India-2011http://ncrb.nic.in/

• 16 Suicides took place in India every hour during 2011.

• It is observed that social and economic causes have led most of the males to commit suicides whereas emotional and personal causes have mainly driven females to end their lives.

• Nearly 71.1% of the suicide victims were married males while 68.2% were married females. 

• West Bengal has reported the highest number of suicide victims (accounting for 11.5%) in 2009, second highest in 2010 (accounting for 11.9%) and highest in 2011 (accounting for 12.2%).  

• West Bengal (12.2%), Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu (11.8% each), Andhra Pradesh (11.1%) and Karnataka (9.3%), altogether contributed 56.2% of total suicide victims.

• Self employed category accounted for 38.3% of suicide victims in 2011. It comprised 10.3% engaged in Farming/ Agriculture activities, 5.3% engaged in Business and 3.1% Professionals.  

 

According to the report titled Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India-2010, which is produced by the National Crime Records Bureau, http://ncrb.nic.in/:  

• Every hour 15 people committed suicide in India during 2010.

• 1 in every 5 suicides is committed by a Housewife.

• Total 3,84,649 accidental deaths were reported in the country during the year 2010.

• It is observed that social and economic causes have led most of the males to commit suicides whereas emotional and personal causes have mainly driven females to end their lives.

• Nearly 70.5% of the suicide victims were married males while 67.0% were married females.

• 26.3% of the suicide victims were primary educated and 22.7% were middle educated while 19.8% of victims of suicide were illiterate. Self employed category accounted for 41.1% of suicide victims in 2010. It comprised 11.9% engaged in Farming/ Agriculture activities, 5.3% engaged in Business and 3.0% Professionals.

• 41.1% of suicide victims were self employed while only 7.5% were un-employed.

• Suicides because of ‘Family Problems’ (23.7%) and ’Illness’ (21.0%) combined accounted for 44.7% of total Suicides.

• West Bengal has reported the highest number of suicide victims (accounting for 11.9%) in 2008 & 2009 and second highest in 2010 (accounting for 11.9%).

• West Bengal (11.9%), Andhra Pradesh (11.8%), Tamil Nadu (12.3%), Maharashtra (11.8%) and Karnataka (9.4%) contributed 57.2% of total suicide victims.

• The highest number of Mass/Family Suicides cases were reported from Bihar (23) followed by Kerala (22) and Madhya Pradesh (21) and Andhra Pradesh (20) out of 109 cases.

 

According to National Crime Records Bureau's Accidental Death and Suicide (2009),

http://ncrb.gov.in/CD-ADSI2009/suicides-09.pdf,  
http://ncrb.gov.in/CD-ADSI2009/snapshots.pdf,  
http://ncrb.gov.in/CD-ADSI2009/table-2.11.pdf:  

•    More than one lakh persons (1,27,151) in the country lost their lives by committing suicide during the year 2009. This indicates an increase of 1.7% over the previous year's figure (1,25,017).

•    The total number of suicides in the country during the decade (1999–2009) has recorded an increase of 15.0% (from 1,10,587 in 1999 to 1,27,151 in 2009).

•    Self-employed category accounted for 39.8% of suicide victims in 2009. It comprised 13.7% engaged in Farming/Agriculture activities, 6.1% engaged in Business and 2.9% Professionals.

•    55.1% suicide victims in Mizoram were engaged in farming /agriculture activities in 2009. 29.6% suicide victims in Manipur were unemployed.

•    Despite a fall in number of suicides committed by farmers in 2009 as compared to 2008 in Maharastra (fallen by 930), the state continues to be number one in terms of farmers' suicides for the tenth year (2,872 suicides) as compared to the rest of the states.

•    The number of suicides committed by farmers in 2009 was 17,368, which was a rise by 1,172 as compared to 2008.

•    The growth in the number of suicides committed by the farmers has been 7 percent over the last year.

•    In the year 2009, 1,27,151 persons committed suicides. Within a span of one year, suicide rate in the entire country has increased by 1.7 percent. During the last year, the total number of suicides committed was 1,25,017.

•    In the year 2009, 348 persons committed suicides on an average every day, out of which 48 persons were farmers. In the year 2004, on an average 47 farmers committed suicides every day, which means one farmer committing suicide in every 30 minutes. 

•    Private and Public Sector personnel have accounted for 8.4% and 2.3% of the total suicide victims respectively, whereas students and un-employed victims accounted for 5.3% and 7.8% respectively.

•    Government servants were 1.3% of the total suicide victims, whereas housewives (25,092) accounted for 54.9% of the total female victims and nearly 19.7% of total victims committing suicides.

•    40.9% of salaried and 39.0% of unemployed suicide victims were in the age–group 30-44 years.

•    West Bengal has reported the highest number of suicides (14,648) accounting for 11.5% of total suicides followed by Andhra Pradesh (14,500), Tamil Nadu (14,424), Maharashtra (14,300) and Karnataka (12,195) accounting for 11.4%, 11.3%, 11.2% and 9.6% respectively of the total suicides in the country.

•    These 5 States together accounted for 55.1% of the total suicides reported in the country.

•    209 deaths at the national level under Mass/Family suicides consisting of 95 males and 114 females were reported as per the information available. 15 cities also did not furnish information.

•    The maximum number of suicide victims was educated up to Middle level (23.7%). Illiterate and primary educated persons accounted for 21.4% suicide victims and 23.4% respectively.

•    Only 3.1% suicide victims were graduates and post-graduates. 51.9% suicide victims in Sikkim were illiterate. 36.5% suicide victims in Gujarat had education upto primary level. 68.1% suicide victims in Mizoram and 59.1% suicide victims in Puducherry had middle level education.

 


 

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