PDS/ Ration/ Food Security
Please click here to access the document titled Take Home Ration: Good Practices across the States/UTs (published in 2022), which has been prepared jointly by NITI Aayog and UN World Food Programme.
NITI Aayog and the UN World Food Programme have collaborated in bringing out good practices related to Take Home Rations (THR) prevalence across the States/UTs. There has been a lot of innovation in the field of THR in terms of production, distribution, quality control, monitoring, and use of technology. Such good practices is expected to help other States/UTs to further strengthen the effectiveness of their THR programmes.
Within the food-based safety nets, the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme seamlessly juxtaposes the ‘first 1000 days’ window of opportunity whilst aiming to address malnutrition among young children and pregnant/ lactating women through a host of services including provision of take-home rations (THR), nutrition health education, etc. Quality assured, safe and nutritious take-home rations delivered to the ICDS participants with appropriate messages on nutrition have the potential to prevent malnutrition in the communities.
The first edition of ‘State Ranking Index for NFSA’ (please click here to access) was released on July 5, 2022 during the conference of Food Ministers of States/UTs on ‘Food Nutrition and Security in India’, which was organised by the Department of Food and Public Distribution.
The State Ranking Index for NFSA - 1st edition (released on July 5, 2022) attempts to document the status and progress of implementation of National Food Security Act and various reform initiatives across the country, post consultation with states. It highlights the reforms undertaken by states and UTs and create a cross-learning environment and scale-up reform measures by all states and Union Territories (UTs). The present 'State Ranking Index for NFSA' is largely focused on NFSA Distribution and will include procurement, PMGKAY Distribution in future. The Index for ranking the states and UTs is built on three key pillars which covers the end-to-end implementation of NFSA through TPDS. These pillars are: i) NFSA — Coverage, targeting and provisions of the Act; ii) Delivery platform; and iii) Nutrition initiatives.
The main findings of the State Ranking Index for NFSA - 1st edition are as follows:
• The top five states/ UTs in terms of index score and ranking (i.e., Comprehensive country level Index) are: Odisha (Score: 0.836; Rank: 1), Uttar Pradesh (Score: 0.797; Rank: 2), Andhra Pradesh (Score: 0.794; Rank: 3), Gujarat (Score: 0.790; Rank: 4), and Tripura (Score: 0.788; Rank: 5).
• The bottom five states/ UTs in terms of index score and ranking (i.e., Comprehensive country level Index) are: Ladakh (Score: 0.412; Rank: 34), Meghalaya (Score: 0.512; Rank: 33), Manipur (Score: 0.522; Rank: 32), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Score: 0.562; Rank: 31), and Jammu and Kashmir (Score: 0.564; Rank: 30).
• The top five states/ UTs (belonging to special categories -- North Eastern states, Himalayan states, and the Island Regions) in terms of index score and ranking (based on complexity in providing services owing to geographical constraints) are: Tripura (Score: 0.788; Rank: 1); Himachal Pradesh (Score: 0.758; Rank: 2), Sikkim (Score: 0.710; Rank: 3), Nagaland (Score: 0.648; Rank: 4), and Uttarakhand (Score: 0.637, Rank: 5).
• The bottom five states/ UTs (belonging to special categories -- North Eastern states, Himalayan states, and the Island Regions) in terms of index score and ranking (based on complexity in providing services owing to geographical constraints) are: Ladakh (Score: 0.412; Rank: 14), Meghalaya (Score: 0.512; Rank: 13), Manipur (Score: 0.522; Rank: 12), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Score: 0.562; and Rank: 11), and Jammu & Kashmir (Score: 0.564; Rank: 10).
• Among the 3 UTs where Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)- Cash is operational, Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu is the top ranked UT.