Poverty and inequality
Please click here to access the salient findings of 69th Round of NSS regarding Key Indicators of Urban Slums in India (July 2012 to December 2012).
Please click here to download the full report Key Indicators of Urban Slums in India, NSS 69th Round, July 2012-December 2012, MoSPI.
Please click here to access the 32nd report by the Standing Committee on Finance (2010-11) entitled: Appraisal of BPL Criteria.
According to the Press Note on Poverty Estimates, 2011-12, Planning Commission, July, 2013 (please click here to access the report):
• The percentage of persons below the Poverty Line in 2011-12 has been estimated as 25.7% in rural areas, 13.7% in urban areas and 21.9% for the country as a whole.
• In 2011-12, India had 270 million persons below the Tendulkar Poverty Line as compared to 407 million in 2004-05, that is a reduction of 137 million persons over the seven year period.
• The respective poverty ratios for the rural and urban areas were 41.8% and 25.7% and 37.2% for the country as a whole in 2004-05. It was 50.1% in rural areas, 31.8% in urban areas and 45.3% for the country as a whole in 1993-94.
• During the 11-year period 1993-94 to 2004-05, the average decline in the poverty ratio was 0.74 percentage points per year. It accelerated to 2.18 percentage points per year during the 7-year period 2004-05 to 2011-12. Therefore, it can be concluded that the rate of decline in the poverty ratio during the most recent 7-year period 2004-05 to 2011-12 was about three times of that experienced in the 11-year period 1993-94 to 2004-05.
• State-wise, poverty ratio was highest in Chhattisgarh (39.93%) followed by Jharkhand (36.96%), Manipur (36.89%), Arunachal Pradesh (34.67%) and Bihar (33.74%).
• Goa (5.09%) has the least percentage of people living below poverty line followed by Kerala (7.05%), Himachal Pradesh (8.06%), Sikkim (8.19%), Punjab (8.26%) and Andhra Pradesh (9.20%).
• For 2011-12, for rural areas the national poverty line using the Tendulkar methodology is estimated at Rs. 816 per capita per month (i.e. Rs. 27.2 per capita per day) and Rs. 1,000 per capita per month (i.e. Rs. 33.3 per capita per day) in urban areas.
• For a family of five, the all India poverty line in terms of consumption expenditure would amount to about Rs. 4,080 per month in rural areas and Rs. 5,000 per month in urban areas. These poverty lines would vary from State to State because of inter-state price differentials.