How India Can Leverage Surplus Food Grain to Expand PDS Without Sacrificing Fiscal Prudence -Siraj Hussain and Jugal Mohapatra
After Modi's decision to extend additional allocation of food grains under PMGKY until November, there are now three scenarios that can play out.
On June 30, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in his address to the country, announced that the additional allocation of food grains under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKY) will be made available till November.
This means that from April to November 2020, 71.17 crore people – classified as priority households constituting 67% of the total population as per the 2011 Census – can get 10 kg wheat or rice, instead of the usual five kg per person.
In addition, 9.26 crore persons, classified under the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY), are also eligible to get an additional five kg wheat/rice per person in addition to their entitlement of 35 kg wheat or rice per month per AAY household. Thus, an AAY household of five persons is eligible to get 60 kg of wheat/rice (35 kg normal entitlement plus 25 kg additional quantity) under the PMGKY.
Both AAY and priority households with a ration card can also obtain one kg chana from ration shops. Unlike wheat and rice, chana is procured by Nafed and supplied to the states directly, without the involvement of the Food Corporation of India.
For May and June 2020, the Centre had also announced the Atmanirbhar Bharat package, under which the migrant workers who did not have ration cards were made eligible to get five kg wheat/rice, free of cost. It was estimated to benefit about eight crore migrants.
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TheWire.in, 13 July, 2020, https://thewire.in/economy/how-india-can-leverage-surplus-food-grain-to-expand-pds-without-sacrificing-fiscal-prudence
Tagged with: Food Corporation of India FCI Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana Public Distribution System PDS Antyodaya Anna Yojana AAY Open Market Sale Scheme OMSS Procurement NFSA National Food Security Act