Marginal improvement in rural women’s education, finds NFHS-5 -Shruti Banerjee, Shristi Guha and Ashmita Sengupta

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published Published on Jan 7, 2021   modified Modified on Jan 8, 2021

-Down to Earth

Social, cultural stigmas reasons for lack of improvement

The present-day education system has come a long way and age-old traditions have undergone a drastic change. One of the biggest achievements of India was the increase in literacy rate to 74.04 per cent in 2010-11 from 18.3 per cent in 1950-51.

The country has been making great strides in educating children; at the time of Independence, India was largely illiterate (nine per cent women and 27 per cent men were literate). The goal of providing free and compulsory education to all children up to 14 has, however, been elusive.

The number of people educated increased generously between 2005-06 and 2015-16. Among girls, the median years of schooling increased to 4.4 years in National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-16) from 1.9 years as of the NHFS-3, (2005-06).

The median years of schooling among boys increased to 6.9 years in NHFS-4 from 4.9 years in NHFS-3. Over a similar period, the percentage of boys and girls with no schooling reduced to 31 per cent from 42 per cent in girls and 15 per cent from 22 per cent in boys.

The status of education in rural areas, especially for women, has not seen a very radical change. Reasons for the same may be attributed to social and cultural stigmas.

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Down to Earth, 7 January, 2021,

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