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As per the article entitled: Conditions of SC/ST Households: A Story of Unequal Improvement by RB Bhagat (2013), Economic and Political Weekly, October 12, Vol. XLVIII, No. 41, page no. 62-66 (please click here to access):

• Although 21.9 percent Schedules Caste (SC) households live in houses having concrete roofs, only 10.1 percent Schedules tribe (ST) households live in such houses during 2011. Only 29.6 percent Indian households live in houses having concrete roofs.

• Although 41.2 percent SC households have access to tap water, only 24.4 percent ST households have access to the same during 2011. Only 43.5 percent Indian households have access to tap water.

• Although 59.0 percent SC households have electricity as a source of lighting, only 51.7 percent ST households have access to the same during 2011. Only 67.2 percent Indian households have electricity as a source of lighting.

• Although 33.8 percent SC households have latrine facility within the premises, only 22.6 percent ST households have access to the same during 2011. Only 46.9 percent Indian households have latrine facility within the premises.

• Although 46.6 percent SC households are connected to drainage, only 22.7 percent ST households are connected to the same during 2011. Only 51.1 percent Indian households are connected to drainage.

• Although 27.7 percent SC households live in houses with bathroom, only 17.2 percent ST households enjoy the same facility during 2011. Only 42.0 percent Indian households live in houses with bathroom.

• The percentage of households using LPG/PNG was just 9.2% among STs compared to 16.9% among SCs and 28.5% among all households in 2011.

• Access to banking services is found to have more than doubled – an increase from 19% (in 2001) to 45% (in 2011) among STs and from 25% (in 2001) to 51% (in 2011) among SC communities.

• Access to television has increased from 12% (in 2001) to 21.8% (in 2011) among STs and from 21.2% (in 2001) to 39.1% (in 2011) among SC communities.

• Access to telephone has decreased from 2.5% (in 2001) to 1.9% (in 2011) among STs and from 3.4% (in 2001) to 3.0% (in 2011) among SC communities.

• Access to scooter/ motorcycle/ moped has increased from 4.1% (in 2001) to 8.9% (in 2011) among STs and from 5.3% (in 2001) to 12% (in 2011) among SC communities.

• Access to car/ van/ moped has increased from 0.8% (in 2001) to 1.6% (in 2011) among STs and from 1.0% (in 2001) to 1.8% (in 2011) among SC communities.

• About 47.5% households reported to have mobile phones compared to 31.1% among STs and 53.2% among all households in 2011.

• Although SCs and STs have progressed very well between 2001 and 2011, the gap between them and all households (average level) has widened in almost all indicators of living conditions except electricity among ST households, and electricity and concrete roof among SC households.

• Similarly in assets like car, jeep and van, scooter/ motorcycle/ moped and television, there has been a widening gap between SC and STs on the one hand and all households on the other.

• Although SCs and STs have benefited, but the benefits have extended faster among non-SC/ST communities during the decade of rapid economic growth during 2001-11.

• The percentage of SC households with possession of television was 9% higher than the STs in 2001 which increased to 17% in 2011. Similarly, the inequality in the possession car/jeep/van increased from 1 percentage point in 2001 to 3 percentage points in 2011 between SC and ST households.


 

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